February 28, 2015 in Commentary
A brief history of Fascism
Fascism first emerged in the 1920’s, rallying and spreading like wildfire until the combined forces of Liberalism and Communism defeated it in 1945. Italy could probably be described as have the most pure “Fascist state”, as a nation that placed primacy of culture over blood, whereas Nazi Germany’s racialism was a slight deviation from Mussolini’s original fascist vision. Nonetheless, once Fascism was defeated in 1945, the ideology retreated to Franco’s Spain and Salazar’s Portugal, where it would experience a slow, decrepit death. Its most successful spin-offs were perhaps Arab Ba’athism, whose last vanguard is Syrian President Bashar al-Assad and the “Third Position” of Juan Peron in Argentina and Augusto Pinochet in Chile. Once Saddam Hussein’s Ba’athist state came to an end and now that Assad has been reduced to protectorate of Russia, orthodox Fascism is all but a memory.
Or, is it? …
It’s almost impossible to define “Fascism” because its so politically charged, with its opponents still eager to bury it and its proponents eager to present it with new labels to dodge the Liberal and Communist propaganda against it. Essentially, if a political movement is rooted in a romantic and even spiritual vision of a nation’s identity being revived, then it’s Fascist. If it rejects the economic and ideological reductionism of Communism and Capitalism in favor of a poetic rebirth of a nation by and for its people, then it’s Fascist.